When the boundaries between reality and one’s own perception become blurred
Suffering from psychosis means for an affected person that his perception of reality is sometimes not congruent with the perception of other people. However, the affected person is absolutely convinced of the truth of his perceived “reality” and does not allow himself to be dissuaded from it.
This condition is frightening for those affected and often triggers deep despair. They therefore withdraw and may take refuge in supposed relaxation with the help of addictive substances such as alcohol or other drugs. Unfortunately, this consumption of addictive substances usually leads to an intensification of the already existing symptoms. Sufferers very often and stubbornly reject offers of help so that adequate treatment of psychosis often begins late. Learn more in our patient information on the topic of psychosis. We are here for you – Get help early at +49 3996 140490.
People who experience psychosis are often afraid and feel threatened.
Due to their illness, they lose the ability to correctly assess the intentions of others or to grasp obvious connections. Much around them seems to happen for no reason. Some hear voices that threaten and hurt them. For relatives and friends, the familiar person is “no longer himself”
If psychosis occurs for the first time, neither the affected person nor the relatives know the signs and acute symptoms. Therefore, they often do not seek professional help.
Roughly, the main symptoms of psychosis can be divided into positive, negative, cognitive, and ego disorders.
Psychoses are assumed to have a multifactorial origin, i.e., various factors (biological-genetic and psychosocial factors) interact. General causes that apply to every affected person have not yet been found. In principle, anyone can develop a psychosis – some people, however, are more susceptible to its development than others due to their genetic predisposition.
A commonly used explanatory and treatment model is based on the vulnerability-stress model, which refers to the susceptibility to respond to stressors with psychotic symptoms. Personal risk factors are identified with the therapist, and alternative stress management strategies are learned to facilitate long-term stability.